The Basque Country, Aragón and Catalonia are the communities that spend most on fruit and vegetables
13 de September de 2017
13 de September de 2017
EAE Business School has presented its report entitled 'Healthy Food in Spain', which reveals that the Basque Country, with an average annual expenditure of €302 per capita, Aragón (€297.48) and Catalonia (€292.67) are the communities that spend most on fruit and vegetables, while Castilla La Mancha, with an annual expenditure of €207.09 per capita, Andalusia (€218.56) and Extremadura (€219.03) are the regions that spend least on fruit and vegetables.
However, the consumption of fresh fruit per capita is highest in Asturias (115.67 kg), Castilla y León (113 kg), the Basque Country (112.51 kg) and Navarra (111.36 kg). Meanwhile, at the bottom of the list, we find Andalusia (93.28 kg), Extremadura (84.01 kg) and the Valencian Community (84.56 kg). In contrast, the consumption of fresh vegetables is highest in households in Aragón (111.31 kg), Catalonia (96.47 kg) and Asturias (92.10 kg). At the other end of the scale, we find La Rioja (65.76 kg), Cantabria (75.08 kg) and Castilla La Mancha (74.38 kg), with the lowest consumption per capita.
The annual household expenditure in the category of dairy products is €131.28 per capita, which accounts for 8.59% of the food budget. This expenditure is equivalent to a consumption of 39.60 kg/litres per person in 2016.
In the same year, the consumption per capita of olive oil was 8.51 litres per person, which is equivalent to an expenditure of €28.10. If we analyse the different Autonomous Communities, the highest consumption per capita in this respect was in Cantabria (9.97), Asturias (9.83) and Galicia (9.81). The regions with the lowest dairy consumption are Navarra (5.88), the Valencian Community (5.35) and Castilla La Mancha (5.58).
The high consumption of olive oil, well above the consumption of other types of oil (such as sunflower oil) is due to the fact that Spain is one of the largest producers of olive oil, with an output of 283.2 tonnes in 2015 and 2016. As in the case of fruit and the vegetables, this fact benefits us in two ways: firstly, prices are not excessively high and, secondly, it is a product that forms a completely integral part of Spanish cuisine.
There has been a slight downward trend in bread consumption in recent years. In 2016, average consumption was 34.65 kilos per person, which is equivalent to an expenditure of €83.92 euros per year. In terms of the Autonomous Communities, the greatest consumption of bread per capita is in Asturias (43.68), Galicia (43.18), Castilla y León (41.32) and Navarra, (41.76), while the regions that eat least bread are the Community of Madrid (26.17) and the Balearic Islands (26.92).
With respect to cereals, foods that are high in energy and which have a lot of nutritional qualities due to their high content of a range of minerals (calcium, iron, phosphorous and potassium) and B Vitamins, levels of consumption per capita are highest in the Canary Islands (2.33) and Galicia (2.09), while, at the other end of the scale, Castilla La Mancha (1.31) and Andalusia (1.41) rank lowest.
EXPENDITURE ON AND CONSUMPTION OF UNHEALTHY FOOD
At the other extreme, there is the consumption of and expenditure on unhealthy food. In 2016, the annual expenditure per person on unhealthy food was €64.41 on average. This is equivalent to a consumption per capita of 14.13 kg per person annually. Compared to the previous year, this represents an increase of 2.3%.
In terms of the Autonomous Communities, the regions with the highest consumption of baked goods and biscuits per capita are Asturias (12.18), the Basque Country (11.96) and Castilla y León (11.34). At the other end of the spectrum, the regions that consume least are Andalusia (7.73) and Murcia (8.54). In the category of baked goods and biscuits, there is a notable upward trend. Although they are classified as unhealthy foods, the fact that they are not perishable makes them easy to store, meaning that consumption in households with children is high.